Nigerian Journal of Basic and Clinical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 78--83

Health-related quality of life of hiv infected persons on antiretroviral therapy in Jos, Plateau State Nigeria


Ibrahim Bakshak Kefas1, Esther A Envuladu2, Chungdung Miner2, Bupwatda W Pokop2, Jonathan C Daboer2, Moses P Chingle2, Mathilda E Banwat2, Ayuba Ibrahim Zoakah2 
1 Department of Community Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital; Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ibrahim Bakshak Kefas
Department of Community Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos
Nigeria

Context: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) remains an important global health problem. People living with HIV (PLHIV) experienced physical, social and mental health challenges that can affect their quality of life (QOL). Aim: To determine the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of HIV-infected adults. Settings and design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the APIN centre. One hundred and seventy-eight PLHIV were selected by a multistage sampling technique between 10 January 2018 and 31 March 2018. Materials and Methods: The world Health Organization QOL-HIV Bref Questionnaire was used to collect the information. Statistical analysis used: Data were analysed using SPSS version 23.0 statistical software We determined significant factors using Chi square and logistic regression at a 5% level of significance. Results: The physical domain has the lowest mean score of 13.25 ± 2.25, while the spiritual/religion/personal belief domain had the highest mean score of 14.955 ± 3.336. Clustered of differentiation 4 (CD4) count, adherence and currently ill status were significantly associated with QOL. The odds for good QOL were 13 times higher among those with CD4 count ≥500 cells/mm3 compared to those with CD4 count < 500 cells/mm3 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 13.03; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.58-37.5). The odds for good HRQOL were six times higher among those with good adherence compared to those with poor adherence (aOR: 5.62;95%CI: 1.83-17.26). Conclusion: The study revealed that the spiritual/religion/personal belief domain has the highest QOL score, while the physical domain had the least score. Adherence, currently ill and CD4 count were predictors of good QOL.


How to cite this article:
Kefas IB, Envuladu EA, Miner C, Pokop BW, Daboer JC, Chingle MP, Banwat ME, Zoakah AI. Health-related quality of life of hiv infected persons on antiretroviral therapy in Jos, Plateau State Nigeria.Niger J Basic Clin Sci 2021;18:78-83


How to cite this URL:
Kefas IB, Envuladu EA, Miner C, Pokop BW, Daboer JC, Chingle MP, Banwat ME, Zoakah AI. Health-related quality of life of hiv infected persons on antiretroviral therapy in Jos, Plateau State Nigeria. Niger J Basic Clin Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 25 ];18:78-83
Available from: https://www.njbcs.net/article.asp?issn=0331-8540;year=2021;volume=18;issue=2;spage=78;epage=83;aulast=Kefas;type=0