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VACTERL association in Kano, North-West Nigeria: A case report

1 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim Ahmadu,
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njbcs.njbcs_1_22

VACTERL association is a term used to describe the simultaneous occurrence of at least 3 of the following congenital malformations: vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, cardiac malformation, tracheo-oesophageal fistula, renal dysplasia, and limb abnormalities. Most cases occur sporadically with an estimated incidence rate of 1 in 10,000 – 40,000 births. We report the case of an 11-month-old infant that presented with a complaint of recurrent cough and difficulty in breathing since 1 month of life. There is also the history of delayed motor developmental milestones. Physical examination and investigations revealed the presence of VACTERL association (bilateral talipes equinovarus deformity, multiple cardiac shunt lesions, and malformation of the 5th lumbar vertebrae with dural ectasia and lumbosacral scoliosis). She has been on oral diuretics and is currently on follow-up in pediatric cardiology, orthopedic, and neurosurgery clinics. This case report highlights the presence of a rare case of the VACTERL association in Kano, North-West Nigeria.

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