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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-95

Mortality review in a maxillofacial center in Northern Nigeria

1 Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jos, Nigeria
3 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Benjamin Fomete
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njbcs.njbcs_14_22

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Context: Mortality pattern is an essential component in health delivery globally. It is an important medical appraisal that should be made regularly. Mortality in maxillofacial patients often results from co-morbidity from others diseases as seen in Ludwig's angina and advanced stage malignancies. Aim: To document the causes of maxillofacial mortalities during a 12-year period. Materials and Methods: An analysis of all cases of death recorded in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of a Nigerian tertiary health Centre from January 2006 to December 2018. Results: A total of 3255 oral and maxillofacial patients were seen during 12-year period. About 65 deaths were recorded accounting for 2.0% of all cases of which 69.2% were males, whereas 30.8% females. The age group most affected was 30 to 39 with 23.1% closely followed by 20 to 29 with 21.5%. Conclusion: Cervicofacial infection was the commonest causes of mortality in oral and maxillofacial surgery in our environment.

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