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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 145-152

Impact of self-reported family history on some metabolic markers of type 2 diabetic patients

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Rasheed Shekoni Specialist Hospital, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
3 Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikwe University, Nnewi, Nigeria
4 Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Laboratory Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
5 Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria
6 Department of Physiotherapy, Dutse General Hospital, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
7 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Salisu Babura Muazu
Department of Internal Medicine, Rasheed Shekoni Specialist Hospital, Dutse, Jigawa State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njbcs.njbcs_4_21

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Context: Family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension (HTN) and obesity, are known non-modifiable, independent and easily assessed risk factors for incident type 2 diabetes. Aims: This study was aimed at assessing the effect of self-reported family history on the levels of some metabolic markers (total homocysteine [tHcy], high sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP] and glycated haemoglobin [HbA1c]) among patients with type 2 diabetes. Settings and Design: Two hundred and forty participants subdivided into Group 1 (T2DM only), Group 2 (T2DM diagnosed with HTN) and Group 3 (controls) were enrolled in a cross-sectional pattern. Subjects and Methods: A structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on self-reported family history. Biochemical parameters were assayed using standard laboratory procedures. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS version 20.0 was used for statistical analysis with significance at P ≤ 0.05. Results: Group 1: Family history of type 2 diabetes (FHD) (HbA1c, P < 0.001, fasting plasma glucose [FPG], P = 0.005, triglycerides [TG], P = 0.049), family history of HTN (FHTN) (HbA1c, P < 0.001, FPG P = 0.005), family history of obesity (FHO) (HbA1c, P < 0.001, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], P = 0.049). Group 2: FHD (tHcy, P = 0.021, HDL-C, P = 0.026), FHTN (tHcy, P = 0.035), FHO (HbA1c, P = 0.003, FPG, P = 0.001, TC, P < 0.001, TG, P = 0.019, LDL-C, P = 0.001). Group 3: FHD (tHcy, P = 0.004, HDL-C, P = 0.035), FHTN (FPG, P < 0.001, tHcy P = 0.010, TC, P = 0.037, TG, P = 0.003), FHO (hs-CRP, P < 0.001, HDL-C, P = 0.007, TG P = 0.001, LDL-C P = 0.019). Conclusions: Self-reported positive family history may provide insights into the biochemical and metabolic profile of patients with type 2 diabetes.

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