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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 68-70

Squamous cell carcinoma of the kidney: A consequence of longstanding staghorn calculus

1 Department of Histopathology, Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Bayero University, Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
3 Department of Histopathology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Bornu State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Muzzammil Abdullahi
Department of Surgery, Bayero University, Kano/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njbcs.njbcs_19_18

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Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the kidney is a rare and an aggressive tumor with a 5-year survival rate of <10%. They are usually associated with staghorn calculi and diagnosed at an advanced stage due to the rarity and inconclusive clinical and radiological features. We present a case of 54-year-old man histologically diagnosed of SCC of the kidney following nephrectomy. He had antituberculous drugs for 4 months on account of history of chronic cough, weight loss, and intermittent fever of 1-month duration. This case merits being reported because this aggressive cancer would have been prevented if the stone had been detected and removed early with biopsy taken from renal pelvis or calyceal wall.

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